The Omnibus

Dependency

Science and technology, taken expansively, have affected almost every aspect of human existence in developed countries.

What are some of the ways that this manifests?

Consider a popular doomsday scenario: EMP, or electro-magnetic pulse. Popular fiction like “72 Days in September” uses EMP as a plot device to consider how society responds to the removal of most technological infrastructure from the USA.

When considering the utility of a scientific or technological concept, one can think about the following things:

  • What knowledge is needed to comprehend the concept?
  • What infrastructure is needed to ensure that the concept is passed on?
  • What infrastructure is needed to actually implement the concept?
  • Does the concept implementation’s benefits justify the effort?

Denialism

One of the things that we will be considering over the rest of the course is a rejection of scientific findings. The term denialism covers this well for many familiar topics.

Perhaps the archetype of denial would be that of dismissing the health concerns raised by use of tobacco products. Modern effects trace back to research by Richard Doll in 1952 showing evidence of harmful effects of tobacco use. The corporations manufacturing and marketing tobacco products engaged in highly effective forms of denial of that and further research.

  • Engender doubt
  • Raise contrary experts
  • Political lobbying
  • Suppression of adverse findings

and other tactics. Many of the same tactics used by the tobacco industry in response to health research can be seen in other denialist reactions to scientific research.

Citizen Science

There are a number of ways that lay people are currently contributing to scientific effort.

Wikipedia on Citizen Science

Citizen Science Alliance

SciStarter database of Citizen Science projects

Weapons

Science and technology is also used to destroy, and history shows the increasing efficiency of weaponry from stone tools to the potential “doomsday” weapons of mass destruction. Conflict between human groups often plays out as a contest between different levels of technology.

Toting up the score

Here’s an exercise: figure out various advances in science and technology, and whether we can call them beneficial or detrimental.

Health

A major role for science and technology lies in promoting health and overcoming illness. In recent times, the increased effectiveness of medical science has actually shifted both human lifespans and causes of death. All of these changes have follow-on effects for our society. Increasing lifespans bring with them concerns on how a burgeoning elderly demographic either supports itself or is supported by society. Here in the USA, the way Social Security is structured is causing a lot of political maneuvering over its continued funding. Another major economic and political concern is how to provide medical services. The USA stands out among industrialized nations for how expensive medical care is and how poor the outcomes are relative to other such nations. A number of issues related to health can be identified as of current interest. An anti-vaccination movement denies the effectiveness and safety of vaccines, leading to a resurgence in cases of previously well-controlled communicable diseases. Overuse of antibiotics threatens the emergence of new communicable diseases that may prove difficult to treat.

Increased Lifespan

Change in Cause of Death

Demographic Changes

Social Security

Health Care

Vaccination

Antibiotics

Changing Conditions

Some things now indicate that the future could be very different.

The Oceans

Coral bleaching

Acidification

The Politics

Changing the rules of science in government

Current Events

Climate Change Turf Wars

Chris Mooney article on how the sides interact

50-year History of Warning on CO2

LBJ is warned about rising CO2

Vaccination

Wikipedia on vaccination

Wikipedia on Wakefield

Measles outbreaks

Evolution and Evolution Denial

Evolution

Darwin Day

The denial:

Intelligent Design Creationism denial

Young Earth Creationism denial

The responses:

The TalkOrigins Archive

Pandas Thumb weblog

My presentations:

Powerpoint and resource files

Current Events

Futurist ideas about 2068

Climate data controversy

Religious materials in Florida schoolsParasitic Wasps Infected with Mind-Controlling Viruses

Aquaculture in trouble

Labor

Science and technology brings change, and another word for change is “disruption”. Society has had to deal with these changes. Currently, the pace of change seems to be higher than what has gone before.

The development and spread of agriculture changed the division of labor. In the modern era, technology has been replacing human effort. What happens when most prior jobs are invalidated?

Working time

Ned Ludd

Luddites

Sabotage

If the jobs don’t exist, it no longer is a matter of what the wage ought to be.

Minimum income

Distributed manufacture

The MakerBot Thingiverse

Current Events:

Basic income

Stars

Antievolution

Genetically Modified Organisms

Wikipedia

Opposition

Bill Gates and GMOs

Current Events

Inhofe’s snowball

Inhofe memes

Galileo meets the deniers

Mapping noise in the USA

Blickley publications (noise and sage grouse)

Evidence of direct effect of CO2 on global warming

Executive action for solar installation training

Sour on food additives

Webcomic on the difference between movie science and real life science

Webcomic about net neutrality (pre-FCC decision)

Megadroughts and tree rings

California projected to have one year’s water reserve

Promoting a Scientific Culture

Addendum

The Sugarloaf Sanctuary dolphin releases

Description of legal case against Ric O’Barry concerning the Sugarloaf dolphin releases

Miami Herald article on Sugarloaf